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Special Education: Criteria for Eligibility and Related Services


Federal and state laws identify specific disabling conditions that entitle a child to special education service if it is determined that the disability adversely affects their educational performance.  The disability must fall under one of the following categories:

  • Autism
  • Deafness
  • Deaf-Blindness
  • Established Medical Disability (Age 0-5)
  • Hard of Hearing 
  • Mental Retardation
  • Multiple Disabilities
  • Orthopedic Impairment
  • Other Health Impairment
  • Emotional Disturbance
  • Specific Learning Disability
  • Speech and Language Impairment
  • Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Visual Impairment, including blindness 


Related services are defined as "transportation, and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services, as are required to assist a child with a disability to benefit from special education . . . "  The following are included in the definition of related services;

  • Speech-language pathology and audiology services
  • Psychological services
  • Physical and occupational therapy
  • Adaptive Physical Education
  • Early identification and assessment of disabilities in children
  • Counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling
  • Orientation and mobility services
  • Medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes
  • School health services 
  • Parent counseling and training
  • Transportation (Section 300.24(a))